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Saturday, 22 October 2022 10:00 AM - 4:30 PM EDT
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Saturday, 22 October 2022 10:00 AM - 4:30 PM EDT
We discuss astronomical anomalies across a wide range of topics, from cosmology to the search for alien life. World-leading experts give their opinion on how anomalies challenge - or complement - our perceptions of astrophysics and the workings of our Universe. We discuss failures in the Standard Model of Cosmology, galaxies without dark matter and the ongoing search for natural, and unnatural, objects in the sky. Speakers include Martin Lopez Corredoira, Pavel Kroupa, Avi Loeb, Ignacio Trujillo, and Massimo Teodorani.
Please join us in this highly interactive event and plan to attend with your microphone and camera so that you may engage with the speakers and fellow attendees. SSE members are offered extended Q&A options, and all attendees will have opportunities to network and converse in the virtual social lounge.
Can't make it live? Replays of the talks will be available to registrants for several weeks following the event.
Since 1982, the Society for Scientific Exploration (SSE), a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, has provided a professional forum for presentations, criticism, and debate concerning topics, which for various reasons, are ignored or studied inadequately within mainstream science. The SSE also promotes improved understanding of those factors that unnecessarily limit the scope of scientific inquiry, such as sociological constraints, restrictive world views, hidden theoretical assumptions, and the temptation to convert prevailing theory into prevailing dogma.
Abraham (Avi) Loeb is the Frank B. Baird, Jr., Professor of Science at Harvard University and a bestselling author. He received a PhD in Physics from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel at age 24 (1980-1986), led the first international project supported by the Strategic Defense Initiative (1983-1988), and was subsequently a long-term member of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (1988-1993). Loeb has written 8 books, including most recently, Extraterrestrial, and nearly a thousand papers on a wide range of topics, including black holes, the first stars, the search for extraterrestrial life and the future of the Universe. Loeb is the Director of the Institute for Theory and Computation (2007-present) within the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, and also serves as the Head of the Galileo Project (2021-present). He had been the longest serving Chair of Harvard's Department of Astronomy (2011-2020) and the Founding Director of Harvard's Black Hole Initiative (2016-2021). He is an elected fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the American Physical Society, and the International Academy of Astronautics. Loeb is a former member of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) at the White House, a former chair of the Board on Physics and Astronomy of the National Academies (2018-2021) and a current member of the Advisory Board for "Einstein: Visualize the Impossible" of the Hebrew University. He also chairs the Advisory Committee for the Breakthrough Starshot Initiative (2016-present) and serves as the Science Theory Director for all Initiatives of the Breakthrough Prize Foundation. In 2012, TIME magazine selected Loeb as one of the 25 most influential people in space and in 2020 Loeb was selected among the 14 most inspiring Israelis of the last decade.
Ignacio Trujillo is a researcher at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias. Ignacio holds a PhD in astrophysics from the University of La Laguna and has been a researcher at the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg and the University of Nottingham. Dr.Trujillo is a specialist in galaxy formation and evolution. His current work focuses on ultra-deep imaging with the world's most advanced telescopes to test the dark matter paradigm and models of galaxy formation.
Martín López Corredoira received a PhD in Physics at the Univeristy La Laguna (Tenerife, Spain) in 1997 and a PhD in Philosophy at the University of Seville (Spain) in 2003. Since 2011, he has been a is permanent staff researcher at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias in Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). He is author of around a hundred papers on galaxies and cosmology in international refereed scientific journals, half of them as first author; and more than 50 articles on philosophy and humanities or social topics. He is the main editor of Against the Tide: A Critical Review by Scientists of How Physics and Astronomy Get Done (2008, Universal Publishers); author of The Twilight of the Scientific Age (2013, BrownWalker Press); author of Fundamental Ideas in Cosmology. Scientific, philosophical and sociological critical perspectives (2022, IoP Publishing), and the main editor of Diversity, Inclusion, Equity and the Threat to Academic Freedom (2022, Imprint Academic).
Pavel Kroupa studied physics at the University of Western Australia, Perth, and defended his PhD degree at the University of Cambridge in 1992. After post-doctoral appointments in Heidelberg and Kiel he accepted a professorship at the University of Bonn. He was awarded with a Heisenberg Fellowship, a Leverhulme-Trust Professorship and a Swinburne Visiting Professorship. He is the recipient of the Silver Commemorative Medal of the Senate of the Czech Republic and the Crystal Rose from J.Hradec. Since 2017, he has also been a professorem hospitem at Charles University in Prague. Pavel leads the Bonn-Prague SPODYR group which studies stellar populations, stellar dynamics, star cluster evolution, galactic dynamics, and cosmology. The group is unique in having developed non-LCDM structure formation simulation infrastructure allowing physically-well motivated research on galaxies and the large-scale matter distribution
B.V. is the project leader of the ”Vanishing & Appearing Sources during a Century of Observations ”(VASCO) project where she is searching for vanishing stars and other anomalies in the sky. She received her PhD in Astronomy from Uppsala University in 2017. She is currently an international postdoctoral researcher sharing her time between Nordita and IAC Tenerife (Spain). In March 2021, she received the L’Oreal-UNESCO For Women in Science prize in Sweden for her searches for vanishing stars.
Massimo Teodorani (PhD., Bologna University) is an astrophysicist from North Italy. His Ph.D. in Astronomy from Bologna University is with a specialization in stellar physics. He has been carrying out research on eruptive phenomena in astrophysics, such as supernovas, novas, high-mass close binary stars with neutron star component, black hole candidate binary star systems, strongly eruptive protostars (FU Orionis type), and cataclysmic and pre-cataclysmic stars. He is an expert in photometric and spectroscopic observational techniques. He has been working as a researcher at the INAF Naples Astronomical Observatory and at the INAF Radioastronomic Observatory in Medicina (Bologna). Being experienced both in optical and radio astronomy, in a subsequent phase Dr. Teodorani carried out research on extrasolar planets (search for 22 GHz water MASER line in 57 stellar candidates) and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI). He is presently a research affiliate of The Galileo Project (Harvard University). Recently Dr. Teodorani taught physics at the Bologna University, and he is a well-known science divulger in Italy about subjects such as astrophysics, quantum physics and anomalistics.
Join the symposium early to match & converse one-on-one with attendees for 3-minute sessions. Meet up to five new people before the day even begins.
Get an overview of the Airmeet platform and the speakers of the day with Program Chair Beatriz Villarroel and host Annalisa Ventola.
The search for extraterrestrial life is one of the most exciting frontiers in science. First tentative clues were identified close to Earth in the form of the extraordinary interstellar meteor CNEOS 2014-01-08, the unusual interstellar object `Oumuamua and Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP) near Earth. The recently announced "Galileo Project" ushers the new frontier of "space archeology" in search of extraterrestrial technological relics. The lecture will feature content from the book "Extraterrestrial" and textbook "Life in the Cosmos", both published in 2021, as well as material from recent commentaries.
Frank B. Baird, Jr., Professor of Science
In recent years, there has been an increasing number of scientific papers announcing the discovery of galaxies without dark matter. Dark matter is supposed to bind ordinary matter and accelerate the formation of galaxies. Therefore, the existence of galaxies lacking dark matter is difficult to fit into the current paradigm of galaxy formation and evolution. In this talk, I will review some of the best-known examples of dark matter-deficient galaxies and what solutions the scientific community has proposed to explain the mysterious nature of these objects.
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias
The hypothesis that any cold or warm dark matter particles of any mass exist has been falsified with much more than 5-sigma confidence using the distribution of galaxies on scales of 100kpc to Gpc as well as Chandrasekhar dynamical friction. The Lambda-Cold Dark Matter model of cosmology is therefore invalid, despite its continued popularity with the research community. The Bonn/Prague research group is now studying galaxy-formation and evolution using Milgromian gravitation. Many of the extragalactic problems disappear automatically, but an issue of debate is currently which background cosmology accounts for the observed Universe.
University of Bonn and Charles University
Grab a bite and join us in the SSE's social lounge for small group discussion around our virtual tables. An additional table will be reserved for "Aspiring Explorers" - student currently enrolled at a college or university and professors interested in mentoring.
Cosmological observations find explanations within the standard Lambda-CDM model, although many times after a number of ad hoc corrections. Nevertheless, the expression “crisis in cosmology” stubbornly reverberates in the scientific literature: the higher the precision with which the standard cosmological model tries to fit the data, the greater the number of tensions that arise. Moreover, there are alternative explanations for most of the observations.
Prof. Pavel Kroupa will show in his presentation some anomalies on galactic to Gpc scales (large-scale structure) including some examples of 5-sigma tensions and some mention of MOND as an alternative to standard gravity and dark matter. Here I complement the range of anomalies in cosmology with further cases on CMBR, nucleosynthesis, tests of expansion, charge-parity violation, inflation and other topics.The general conclusion is that cosmological hypotheses should be very cautiously proposed and even more cautiously received.
Instituto de Astrofisica de Tenerife
In the introductory part, several known astronomical anomalies are mentioned, where observations apparently contradict the canonic theory of stellar evolu-tion (SN 1987A), where some of the same kind of observed phenomena (GRB and FRB) cannot be easily explained as a high-energy stellar event of astrophysical nature, and where prosaic astrophysical explanations for highly variable stellar objects with a thick surrounding envelope are not completely convincing (Kic 8462852). The subsequent part of the presentation will be focused on what we would expect to observe from possible techno-signatures produced by Type II Kardashev extraterrestrial civilizations. The discussion will be concentrated on three main aspects: a) the search for G-type stars with a strong infrared excess; b) the search for exoplanets, using the photometric occultation technique (Kepler), that show anomalous light curves; c) the search for infrared and radio-emitting objects characterized by a very strong proper motion. This search is proposed to be the main selective protocol to be used as a “viewfinder” for re-observing the objects using standard SETI methods (radio and optical) in order to search for possible intelligent signals. A proposal of observation using the James Webb Space Telescope and other ground and space optical, infrared and radio telescopes, both photometrically and spectroscopically, is strongly advocated.
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